Distance learning support
Need a book or article we don't have?
BaL Academic Skills Tutors
The Library purchases high-quality subscription online resources to support your assignments. Download the University VPN system to access these any time, anywhere!
Use Referencing@Portsmouth to find out how to reference all your business sources:
New to referencing? USE THESE RESOURCES
Can I use ChatGPT/AI to generate references?
Be aware that ChatGPT and similar tools invent academic references (see the more button for why). Using such fabricated information in your work is considered academic misconduct so you should always double check any AI generated references. The University has guidance for students on the use of AI and the Library has produced guidance on citing and referencing generative AI.
ChatGPT is a large language model which has been trained which words should appear and in what order - hence similar authors/titles/journals get linked with each other, producing very plausible sounding references that actually don't exist - the words simply have connections to each other within its training data. When prompted "How does ChatGPT predict which words come next?" ChatGPT stated that it "predicts which words come next based on the patterns it learns from the training data. When given a prompt or context, the model uses its knowledge of language patterns to generate likely sequences of words that would follow the input" ... "it predicts one word at a time, based on the previously generated words" ... " and then calculates the probability distribution of the next word in the sequence based on the patterns it has learned from the training data" (OpenAI, 2023).
For more information about using AI tools in your academic work, please see the Getting Started section above.
OpenAI. (2023). ChatGPT (Mar 23 Version) [Large language model]. https://chat.openai.com/chat
All reference generators make errors!
Ensure you check and edit your references before submitting your work. Here are some common errors.
There are many different ways to generate APA citations:
We do not advise the use of the referencing tool in Word.
(023) 9284 3238
Assistant Faculty Librarian
(023) 9284 3452