This is the Vancouver style for referencing, used at the Univerity of Portsmouth within the School of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences and the Radiography departments.

This guide is modelled on Citing Medicine: The NLM Style Guide for Authors, Editors, and Publishers (2nd edition). You may wish to consult this source directly for additional information or examples.

Referencing tables and figures in your reference list

When referencing, follow the format of the reference type you are using, such as an academic journal article or an electronic book.


To see an example of a reference list that uses the tables and figures from the examples given above, please click 'more' below





Reference List


1. Alahmadi AAS, Abdeen RH. Awareness of using radiology in diagnosing COVID-19 among radiological students. J Educ Elearn Res [Internet]. 2021 [cited 2021 Aug 27];8(1): 34-41. Table 2, Responses of the participants regarding basic knowledge of COVID-19; p.37.  Available from: 


2. Kabore JL, Saidi H, Dassieu L, Choiniere M, Page MG. Predictors of long-term opioid effectiveness in patients with chronic non-cancer pain attending multidisciplinary pain treatment clinics: A Quebec Pain Registry study. Pain Pract [Internet]. 2020 Jul [cited 2021 Aug 25];20(6):588-99. Figure 3, Area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve for the model predicting improvement in mental health– related quality of life at 12-month follow-up; p.594. Available from:


3. Aulton ME, Taylor K, editors. Aulton's Pharmaceutics: the design and manufacture of medicines  [Internet]. 5th ed. Edinburgh: Elsevier; 2018 [cited 2021 Jun 16]. Figure 19.8, Structure of the gastrointestinal membrane; p.310.  Available from:

4. National Health Service. Complementary and alternative medicine [Internet]. United Kingdom: National Health Service; 2017 [Updated 2018 Dec 11; cited 2021 Aug 27]. Available from:

5. Roberts M. UK’s largest alternative medicine hospital to stop offering NHS-funded homeopathy [Internet]. Manchester: Cognitive Publishing Ltd; 2018 Mar 14 [cited 2021 Aug 27]. Available from: 

6. Raby A. Complementary therapies [Internet]. United Kingdom: BUPA; 2021 [cited 2021 Aug 27]. Available from: