APA 7th Edition is the most commonly used referencing style here at the University of Portsmouth. Below you will find general guidance on how to reference and cite using APA 7th Edition, as well as examples for the specific sources you are likely to use in your assignments. 

Your department or lecturer may prefer you to reference sources differently from the guidance given here. Always follow the requirements of your department or lecturer. 

External visitors are welcome to use this guide, but note that your institution's requirements may differ from those suggested here.

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When the author and publisher are the same, omit the publisher from the reference.

Name of organisation. (Year of publication). Number and title. Publisher. 

British Standards Institute. (2020). BS EN 1871:2020 Road marking materials. Paint, thermoplastic and cold plastic materials. Physical properties.

In-text Citation

If the organisation is known by an acronym, you can use this in your second or subsequent citation by following this guidance.

For information about the use of page numbers within in-text citations, please see our guidance here.

It is required that... (British Standards Institution, 2020).

The British Standards Institution (2020, p. 40) require that...