APA 7th Edition is the most commonly used referencing style here at the University of Portsmouth. Below you will find general guidance on how to reference and cite using APA 7th Edition, as well as examples for the specific sources you are likely to use in your assignments. 

Your department or lecturer may prefer you to reference sources differently from the guidance given here. Always follow the requirements of your department or lecturer. 

External visitors are welcome to use this guide, but note that your institution's requirements may differ from those suggested here.

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If, after looking at this guidance, you are still stuck, then we can help. If you have a quick question then chat to us online, and if you need more help then you can Book an online APA 7 referencing appointment.



Author, Initials or Name of government department. (Year of publication). Title (Report series and number if available). URL

Department for Education. (2014). School Admissions Code: Statutory guidance for admission authorities, governing bodies, local authorities, schools adjudicators and admission appeals panels (DFE-00728-2014). https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/389388/School_Admissions_Code_2014_-_19_Dec.pdf

Wilson, W., & Barton, C. (2021). Social rented housing (England): Past trends and prospects (House of Commons Library Briefing Paper 8963). https://commonslibrary.parliament.uk/research-briefings/cbp-8963/

In-text Citation

For information about the use of page numbers within in-text citations, please see our guidance here

The process involves... (Department for Education, 2014).

Wilson and Barton (2021, p. 11) state that...