APA 7th Edition is the most commonly used referencing style here at the University of Portsmouth. Below you will find general guidance on how to reference and cite using APA 7th Edition, as well as examples for the specific sources you are likely to use in your assignments. 

Your department or lecturer may prefer you to reference sources differently from the guidance given here. Always follow the requirements of your department or lecturer. 

External visitors are welcome to use this guide, but note that your institution's requirements may differ from those suggested here.

Need More Help?

If, after looking at this guidance, you are still stuck, then we can help. If you have a quick question then chat to us online, and if you need more help then you can Book an online APA 7 referencing appointment.


Audiobooks should be referenced in the same way as ebooks, but with the narrator added in brackets after the title, and the format noted in square brackets.

If the audiobook was released in a different year to the text version, treat this as a republished ebook, adding the narrator in brackets after the title, and the format in square brackets.


Author, Initials. (Year of publication). Title of book (Initials, Narrator name. Narr.) [Audiobook]. Publisher. https://doi.org/ or URL

Author, Initials. (Year of audiobook publication). Title of book (Initials, Narrator name. Narr.) [Audiobook]. Publisher. https://doi.org/ or URL. (Original work published Year of original publication)

Haig, M. (2020). The midnight library (C. Mulligan, Narr.) [Audiobook]. Canongate Books. https://www.amazon.co.uk/The-Midnight-Library/dp/B085LJ5BVY/ref=zg_bs_audible_5?_encoding=UTF8&psc=1&refRID=TASMD30CT92VYXB369FX

Hodges, A. (2012). Alan Turing: The enigma (G. Griffin, Narr.) [Audiobook]. Audible Studios. https://www.amazon.co.uk/Alan-Turing-The-Enigma/dp/B008E72LYY/ref=zg_bs_19394001031_1?_encoding=UTF8&psc=1&refRID=8FC86PJAFVVTB01PD3WC. (Original work published 1983)

In-text Citation

You can cite a specific part of an audiobook by providing a time stamp for the start of the section.

This was described as... (Haig, M., 2020, 16:22)

Hodges (2012, 2:33:00) describes...