APA 7th Edition is the most commonly used referencing style here at the University of Portsmouth. Below you will find general guidance on how to reference and cite using APA 7th Edition, as well as examples for the specific sources you are likely to use in your assignments. 

Your department or lecturer may prefer you to reference sources differently from the guidance given here. Always follow the requirements of your department or lecturer. 

External visitors are welcome to use this guide, but note that your institution's requirements may differ from those suggested here.

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If, after looking at this guidance, you are still stuck, then we can help. If you have a quick question then chat to us online, and if you need more help then you can Book an online APA 7 referencing appointment.


Acts of the Northern Ireland Assembly


Title of Act Year Chapter number. https://doi.org/ or URL

Pensions Act (Northern Ireland) 2015 c.5.

Domestic Abuse and Civil Proceedings Act (Northern Ireland) 2021 c. 2. https://www.legislation.gov.uk/nia/2021/2/contents

In-text Citation

Domestic Abuse and Civil Proceedings Act (Northern Ireland) 2021 states that...


Statutory Rules of Northern Ireland

The Northern Ireland Assembly may pass Statutory Instruments. These are called Statutory Rules of Northern Ireland.


Title. (Year). SR Year/number. https://doi.org/ or URL

The Rates (Coronavirus) (Emergency Relief) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2021, SR 2021/116. https://www.legislation.gov.uk/nisr/2021/116/contents/made

In-text Citation

The Rates (Coronavirus) (Emergency Relief) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2021 state that...