APA 7th Edition is the most commonly used referencing style here at the University of Portsmouth. Below you will find general guidance on how to reference and cite using APA 7th Edition, as well as examples for the specific sources you are likely to use in your assignments. 

Your department or lecturer may prefer you to reference sources differently from the guidance given here. Always follow the requirements of your department or lecturer. 

External visitors are welcome to use this guide, but note that your institution's requirements may differ from those suggested here.

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Before 1865, cases were often published by individuals (called nominate reporters) rather than the later series of law reports. Many pre-1865 cases were consolidated into the English Reports. The reference includes the location in the English Reports and the nominative reporter.


Case name (Year of publication) Volume number Eng. Rep. First page number; Volume number Nominative reporter abbreviation First page number.

Blenkinsopp v. Blenkinsopp (1850) 50 Eng. Rep. 1177; 12 Beav. 568.

In-text Citation

The husband’s legal trickery (Blenkinsopp v. Blenkinsopp, 1850) ...