Referencing @ Portsmouth

Referencing is a vital part of your academic studies and research at University of Portsmouth.  

Choose the referencing style you use for detailed guidance  and examples for a wide range of material.


  • OSCOLA - used by Law students and students studying Law modules
  • Vancouver - used within the School of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences and by students studying Radiography
  • Chicago - Students in History use the latest edition of Chicago referencing. Support is provided within SASHPL and guidance is on Moodle


Additional referencing support


Warning This guide aims to help you reference sources according to specific styles. Your department or lecturer may prefer you to reference sources differently. Always follow the requirements of your department or lecturer. External visitors are welcome to use this guide, but note that your institution's requirements may differ from those suggested here.

Contact us for help

Still stuck? Contact us for help. We can't proof-read reference lists but we can help you identify the types of sources you are using and give advice on how to reference and cite them.


Be consistent in your referencing and always check with your tutors and/or your Moodle modules for preferred styles and approaches.