Dissertations@Portsmouth - Details for item no. 13390

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Gupta, Vinod Kumar (2017) Cybercrime and cyber security challenges in India: a holistic study of cybercrime and cyber security awareness in rural area by studying the rural areas of district Neemuch of Madhya Pradesh State in India. (unpublished MSc dissertation), University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth

Abstract

This dissertation is about the cybercrime and cyber security awareness in the rural areas of India. The threat of cybercrime is originating from unknown sources which are dynamic in nature and constantly changing with the development of technology. India is moving fast towards the digital age and government of India has started several projects to make the India technology savvy. E governance, digital India, and Unique Identification Authority of India (UDAI) project to digitalize the personal biometric data of Indian citizens by allotting a unique Aadhar number are the important one. Under e-governance, the government of India is making all the public services available online to the citizens for quick decision making and eliminates the corruption in the system.

The positive side of development in technology is to simplify the communication, shorten traveling distances, improved education learning, better health care systems and upward growth in business and industrial production. However, cybercrime is one of the negative effects in the advancement of technology. The situation of cybercrime is grimmer in the rural area of developing countries like India, due to socio-economic and socio-cultural design of the rural society. India has reported a 65% surge in cybercrime in India in the year 2014 in comparison to the year 2013. These figures are massive; however, most of these figures come from urban areas. Such crimes are still unreported in the rural areas due to the low-level of awareness on cybercrime and legal framework available to them.

During this research study, the author reviewed the available quality literature and authentic published data and analysis of qualitative material realized that cybercrime is one of the biggest problems in India and other developing countries. The cyber criminals not only harassing the individuals, government and industries in terms of reputation, privacy issues and blackmailing but also they are grabbing millions of pound by committing various kinds of cybercrime and cyber attacks. Cybercrime not only having the direct impact on the individual, business or government functions, but it has several indirect effects like it decreases growth rate, slow economy, increase expenses on technology improvement, increase spending on cyber security solutions and so on. Several research studies in the area of cybercrime and cyber security awareness in India has been conducted. Most of these research studies concentrated on urban area involving various industries or other related sectors. The negligible number of studies conducted keeping the rural areas of India in center stage. In this research, the author has studied to find out socio-economic and socio cultural effects on new technology adoption, education, awareness and vulnerability on various aspects of in terms of cybercrime victimization in the rural area.

A cross-sectional survey has been conducted in the rural part of India for a transversal study of the level of awareness on cybercrime and cyber security. Author has identified some of the explanatory factors that may instigate the cyber criminals to target rural area. The results and analysis of this research showed some of the facts and trends which help in understanding the level of cybercrime and cyber security awareness in the rural India holistically. Based on the trends received from this research study some recommendations have also been suggested at the end of this dissertation to curb or prevent the cybercrime in the rural parts of India. Moreover, the result of this research also showed that there is low visibility on Information Technology Act, 2000 in the rural area, which can potentially question the extent of the rural population has visibility on legal framework provided to them by the government to fight with the cybercrime.

Department/Group: Institute of Criminal Justice Studies

Course: Security Management - MSc - C2298P

Date Deposited: 2019-03-06

URI/permalink: https://library.port.ac.uk/dissert/dis13390.html