This is the Vancouver style for referencing, used at the Univerity of Portsmouth within the School of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences and the Radiography departments.

This guide is modelled on Citing Medicine: The NLM Style Guide for Authors, Editors, and Publishers (2nd edition). You may wish to consult this source directly for additional information or examples.

Standard form

Author Initials. Title of thesis [format description:dissertation]. Place: Name of institution; year.


Nolan, C. Representations of men and masculinity in the novels of Jane Austen [doctoral thesis]. Dublin: Univesity College; 2004.

In text citation / reference list

Remember this will be a running number at the first use of a reference. If the reference is re-used then repeat the number allocated. Keep your style constant, either parenthesis (number) throughout, or superscript number. Do not change between the two. If your department recommends a particular style then use that.

Scott (14) concluded that ...


Scott14 concluded that ...