OSCOLA referencing style is used when submitting work for a module for the School of Law.  Due to the complexity of particular sources, some entries are very detailed.  Make sure to fully read each page.

Examples include a letter, memo, unarchived online forum, and telephone/mobile conversation.

Give the author and recipient of the communication, and the date. If you are the author or the recipient, say 'from author' or 'to author' as appropriate.


Footnote standard form

Type of personal communication from author to recipient (day month year).


For examples, click on the More button.


Footnote examples

Email from Jo Bloggs to John Doe (26 January 2007).

Letter from Jo Bloggs to John Doe (11 March 2008).


Personal communication cannot be considered to be 'recoverable data', therefore you cannot list it in the bibliography. However, you may refer to them in text and can give relevant details in the footnote. 




Reference: Faculty of Law, University of Oxford, OSCOLA: Oxford Standard for the Citation of Legal Authorities (4th edn Oxford University 2010) 43.