APA 7th Edition is the most commonly used referencing style here at the University of Portsmouth. Below you will find general guidance on how to reference and cite using APA 7th Edition, as well as examples for the specific sources you are likely to use in your assignments. 

Your department or lecturer may prefer you to reference sources differently from the guidance given here. Always follow the requirements of your department or lecturer. 

External visitors are welcome to use this guide, but note that your institution's requirements may differ from those suggested here.

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If, after looking at this guidance, you are still stuck, then we can help. If you have a quick question then chat to us online, and if you need more help then you can Book an online APA 7 referencing appointment.



If an organisation wrote the guidance and they are also the publisher, omit the publisher element from the reference.

Author, Initials. (Year). Title (series or publication no.). Publisher. https://doi.org/ or URL

National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. (2021). Safeguarding adults in care homes (NG189). https://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/ng189

In-text Citation

If the organisation is known by an acronym, you can use this in your second or subsequent citation by following this guidance.

For information about the use of page numbers within in-text citations, please see our guidance here.

Guidance says that... (National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, 2021).

The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (2021, p. 48) state that...